One last piece of advice: a pro­noun refers to a nos­tun, and this rela­tion­ship must be clear. Watch for com­pound names so that the pro­noun does not con­fuse the read­er. The pro­noun must agree with its pre­de­ces­sor regard­ing sex. There are cas­es where the sex can be male or female. Instead of using a sex that would cre­ate a sex­ist bias, it would be best to men­tion “being or him”. My name is Kit­ty and I am an Eng­lish teacher. Pro­noun I replaces Nomi­nus Kit­ty. You wouldn‘t say my name is Kit­ty and Kit­ty is an Eng­lish teacher. Here the pro­noun does not cor­re­spond to its pre­de­ces­sor in num­ber. So the sen­tence is wrong. The right way would be: the Pro­noun agree­ment is a com­mon prob­lem for those who want to speak and write prop­er­ly. Many lan­guages treat pro­nouns dif­fer­ent­ly from Eng­lish, espe­cial­ly those that have gram­mat­i­cal sex. For­tu­nate­ly, you can solve these chal­lenges with some infor­ma­tion and advice.

In most cas­es, a pro­noun refers to a nos­tun that was pre­vi­ous­ly in the text or con­ver­sa­tion. This name is called the fore­run­ner of the pro­noun, and the name and pro­noun must agree on whether they are sin­gu­lar or plur­al. If you use a sin­gu­lar noun, you can only use a sin­gu­lar pro­noun (not a pro­noun). Late­ly, many aca­d­e­m­ic and pop­u­lar pub­li­ca­tions have begun to accept the use of the pro­noun “them” as sin­gu­lar pro­nouns, which means that authors use “them” to respond to indi­vid­ual themes in order to avoid sex­ist pro­nouns. Although the pro­noun “she” is only a plur­al pro­noun in some style guides, the APA encour­ages authors to “use” them as sin­gu­lar or plur­al pro­nouns with the spe­cif­ic inten­tion of adopt­ing gen­der diver­si­ty. As “every­one” is unique, the pro­noun used must be unique: after climb­ing the Great Wall of Chi­na, Sasha and Aaron were exhaust­ed. (two names, plur­al pro­nouns) Pro­nouns must match in num­ber with the words on which they refer (their pre­cur­sors). That is, a pro­noun must be sin­gu­lar if its pre­de­ces­sor is sin­gu­lar, and plur­al if its pre­de­ces­sor is plural.

In most cas­es, you don‘t have to dis­cuss whether you need the sin­gu­lar or plur­al shape. The spo­ken Eng­lish you have heard sev­er­al times will help you make the right pro­noun choice when you write. In the sen­tence above, the pro­noun and its pre­de­ces­sor do not “per­son­al­ly” agree. Rule: a sin­gu­lar pro­noun must replace a sin­gle nom­inz; a plur­al pro­noun must replace a plur­al noun. In addi­tion, a pro­noun must agree with its pre­de­ces­sor. To suc­cess­ful­ly nav­i­gate this chord, you need to know these sin­gu­lar and plur­al forms of pro­nouns: plur­al pro­nouns are log­i­cal choic­es for Pivert — bud­dy and cheer­leader — twirler with baton. One of the most impor­tant parts of the pro­noun agree­ment is to deter­mine whether the replaced Nos­tun is a sub­ject or an object. In Eng­lish, a sub­ject is what the action accom­plish­es, while the object is the one to which the action is per­formed. A word may refer to an ear­li­er nov or pro­noun in the sen­tence. In the parts of the lan­guage les­son, you learned that a pro­noun is a nom­i­naire. Some­times a pro­noun has no nobiss to which it refers, like the “you” in the pre­vi­ous sentence.

More often, how­ev­er, a pro­noun will have a pre­cur­sor: a no bite that will replace it. In the fol­low­ing exam­ples, the pre­cur­sor is print­ed in bold and the pro­noun is empha­sized. As with com­pos­ite sub­jects, each object requires the object‘s pro­noun when using com­pos­ite objects. For exam­ple, “San­dra doesn‘t like me or doesn‘t like her.” Demon­stra­tive pro­nouns high­light a par­tic­u­lar theme.