You and your psy­chol­o­gist decide togeth­er when you are ready to stop psy­chother­a­py. One day, you will dis­cov­er that you no longer go to bed and that you are wor­ried about the prob­lem that led you to psy­chother­a­py. Or you get pos­i­tive feed­back from oth­ers. For a child who had prob­lems at school, a teacher might say that the child is no longer both­er­some and that he is pro­gress­ing both aca­d­e­m­i­cal­ly and social­ly. Togeth­er, you and your psy­chol­o­gist will judge whether you have achieved the goals you set for your­self at the begin­ning of the process. Staff-cen­tered ther­a­py is less struc­tured and non-direct. Devel­oped by Carl Rogers, this ther­a­py method sug­gests that the therapist‘s func­tion is to increase empa­thy, warmth and “uncon­di­tion­al pos­i­tive respect” for their clients. By lis­ten­ing to and ren­der­ing clients‘ own con­cerns, the ther­a­pist helps the client see him­self as some­one else might see him or her­self. This can help them per­ceive incon­sis­ten­cies or prej­u­dices in their per­cep­tion of the world and oth­ers. Psy­chother­a­py is dif­fer­ent from med­ical or den­tal treat­ments, where patients are usu­al­ly pas­sive while pro­fes­sion­als work on them and tell them about their diag­no­sis and treat­ment plans. Psy­chother­a­py is not for a psy­chol­o­gist to tell you what to do. It is an active col­lab­o­ra­tion between you and the psychologist.

If you help your clients set strong goals, you can hold them to account for the long term. Although it seems rel­a­tive­ly easy to sit down and write a goal, it is not always easy to find the moti­va­tion to cre­ate a robust goal. When Christo­pher offered to tell the doc­tor and the group ther­a­pist how they felt about how they had treat­ed her, his words may have giv­en advice, but his com­mu­ni­ca­tion actu­al­ly com­mu­ni­cat­ed Stella‘s posi­tion that she had been treat­ed unfair­ly. This is where the ther­a­pist or coun­sel­lor comes in. Teach­ing your clients to own their own suc­cess by set­ting strong goals can go a long way in the recov­ery process. Our mis­sion is to train the next gen­er­a­tion of psy­chi­a­trists with emi­nent, eth­i­cal, empa­thet­ic, cul­tur­al­ly sen­si­tive, and career-enhanc­ing physi­cians, edu­ca­tors and researchers who are able to thrive in their careers in an envi­ron­ment that pro­motes per­son­al well-being. Set­ting objec­tives is cer­tain­ly an impor­tant part of the con­sul­ta­tion process. Set­ting goals can help some­one bridge the gap between what they are think­ing about in their head and achieve it in the real world. Trained psy­chother­a­pists may have dif­fer­ent pro­fes­sion­al titles depend­ing on their train­ing and role.

Most of them have a master‘s or doc­tor­al degree with spe­cif­ic train­ing in psy­cho­log­i­cal coun­selling. Men­tal health physi­cians (psy­chi­a­trists) may pre­scribe med­ica­tions and offer psy­chother­a­py. Be an active and ded­i­cat­ed par­tic­i­pant in psy­chother­a­py. Help set goals for treat­ment. Work with your psy­chol­o­gist to find a time­line. Ask about your treat­ment pro­gram. If you don‘t think a ses­sion went well, share this feed­back and talk so that the psy­chol­o­gist can react and adapt your treat­ment more effec­tive­ly. Ask your psy­chol­o­gist for sug­ges­tions on books or web­sites with use­ful infor­ma­tion about your prob­lems. Anoth­er basic crit­i­cal con­cept of psy­cho­dy­nam­ic the­o­ry — and one that can be of great use to all ther­a­pists — is the con­cept of dis­cern­ment. Psy­cho­dy­nam­ic approach­es view dis­cern­ment as a par­tic­u­lar type of self-real­iza­tion or self-knowl­edge, par­tic­u­lar­ly with regard to the rela­tion­ship between past expe­ri­ences and con­flicts with cur­rent per­cep­tions and behav­iours and the recog­ni­tion of repressed feel­ings or moti­va­tions. Dis­cern­ment can come from a sud­den glow or from the grad­ual acqui­si­tion of self-knowl­edge. For exam­ple, a client who feels depressed, angry and then drinks becomes the real­iza­tion that his feel­ings towards his father are stim­u­lat­ed by an emo­tion­al­ly insult­ing supe­ri­or at work.