The authors of the Paris Agree­ment made it dif­fi­cult to get to leave and rel­a­tive­ly easy to reach, mean­ing that a US pres­i­dent could announce his inten­tion to re-engage and rein­te­grate with­in 30 days. How­ev­er, the head of state should promise tough new com­mit­ments and clear­ly describe how the coun­try can meet them, a big­ger task now that sev­er­al years have passed and many giga­tons of green­house gas­es have been col­lect­ed from the atmos­phere. “The real­i­ty is that to tru­ly achieve our cli­mate goals, we need strong fed­er­al action,” said Rachel Clee­tus of the Union of Con­cerned Sci­en­tists. “The sad real­i­ty is that U.S. car­bon emis­sions have actu­al­ly increased over the past year.” Many U.S. cities, states, and busi­ness­es have also pledged to sig­nif­i­cant­ly reduce their emis­sions of car­bon diox­ide and oth­er green­house gas­es in the com­ing years. Twelve states and at least 165 U.S. state cities plan to get 100 per­cent of their elec­tric­i­ty from renew­able sources, accord­ing to the cli­mate mon­i­tor­ing group America‘s Pledge. Ango­la was the last coun­try to rat­i­fy the cli­mate agree­ment on 12 August 2020.

Kyr­gyzs­tan was rat­i­fied on 18 Feb­ru­ary and Lebanon on 5 Feb­ru­ary. His view on the Paris Agree­ment was that it was unfair to the Unit­ed States and freed up coun­tries like India and Chi­na to use fos­sil fuels, while the Unit­ed States should lim­it its car­bon. In real­i­ty, the Unit­ed States under Pres­i­dent Trump moved away from that goal years ago. Right now, we‘re about halfway to the Oba­ma-era goal and we‘re not on track to achieve it. While emis­sions are unlike­ly to rise, they will not decline fast enough to avoid the worst effects of cli­mate change. The Paris Agree­ment has been at the heart of many cor­po­rate com­mit­ments, includ­ing those of Ama­zon and Cargill. The his­tor­i­cal­ly right-wing Amer­i­can Cham­ber of Com­merce busi­ness group oppos­es the president‘s deci­sion to with­draw from the deal. Glob­al car­bon diox­ide emis­sions by coun­try in 2015. For­mer Pres­i­dent Bill Clin­ton wrote: “To depart from the Treaty of Paris is a mis­take. Cli­mate change is real.

We owe our chil­dren more. Pro­tect­ing our future also cre­ates more jobs. [59] For­mer Pres­i­dent Barack Oba­ma said of Trump‘s deci­sion: “Even if this admin­is­tra­tion joins a small hand­ful of nations that reject the future, I am con­fi­dent that our states, cities, and busi­ness­es will rise up and do even more to lead the way and help pro­tect the unique plan­et we have for future gen­er­a­tions.” [70] For­mer Vice Pres­i­dent Joe Biden said he believed the move affect­ed U.S. secu­ri­ty. [71] Tech­ni­cal­ly, how­ev­er, the Paris Agree­ment does not require any­thing from the Unit­ed States. In fact, it‘s not even a con­tract. It is a non-bind­ing agree­ment between nations at all lev­els of pros­per­i­ty and respon­si­bil­i­ty to bring about cli­mate change in order to reduce domes­tic emis­sions. But to become a true mem­ber of the agree­ment – and regain the trust of the inter­na­tion­al com­mu­ni­ty – the US needs to do much more than send a noti­fi­ca­tion. All par­ties to the agree­ment must present new emis­sions tar­gets – so-called Nation­al­ly Deter­mined Con­tri­bu­tions (NDCs) – before the next US

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